In 1834, Algeria became a French military colony and was subsequently declared by the constitution of 1848 to be an integral part of France and divided into three departments ( Alger , Oran and Constantine ). Despite a decline in total unemployment , youth and women unemployment is high.  Before the Arab incursions, most of the Berber inhabitants of the area's mountainous interior adopted traditional Berber mythology. Pierre Messmer, Minister of the Armies, and Louis Joxe , Minister for Algerian Affairs, gave orders to this effect. Adrar ( Berber : Adrar , ⴰⴷⵔⴰⵔ Arabic : أدرار ) is the administrative capital of Adrar Province , the second largest province in Algeria.
При этом необходимо предъявить декларацию, заполненную при въезде в страну, для проверки наличия валюты, проведенных в Алжире операций по обмену вывозимых ценных предметов, заявленных при въезде в страну. The Dey was forced to sign the Barbary treaties , while the technological advance of U.S., British, and French forces overwhelmed the pirates' expertise at naval warfare.   In Algeria, the Muslims were not considered French and did not share the same political or economic benefits. Integration was easier for the upper classes, many of whom found the transformation less stressful than the lower classes, whose only capital had been left in Algeria when they fled.  In January Abderrezak Redjam announced he wanted to rejoin the AIS and was killed. The Kabyle language , the most-spoken Berber language in the country, is taught and partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylia.  In the middle of March 2001 the National Commission for the Reform of the Educational System (CNRSE according to its French name) proposed that French would be reintroduced in grade two of the primary cycle, serving 6-7 year olds, instead of grade four, serving 8-9 year olds, and that scientific subjects in secondary school should be taught in French. In addition, several football clubs have won continental and international trophies as the club ES Sétif or JS Kabylia. Алжир крупнейший порт, экономический и культурный центр.  In the 1790s, France had contracted to purchase wheat for the French army from two merchants in Algiers, Messrs.   He also believed jihad in Algeria was fard ayn , or an individual obligation of adult male Muslims. [ (September 2013)"> citation needed ] Specializing in ambushes and night raids to avoid direct contact with superior French firepower, the internal forces targeted army patrols, military encampments, police posts, and colonial farms, mines, and factories, as well as transportation and communications facilities.  In November 1993 Sheik Mohamed Bouslimani "a popular figure who was prominent" in Hamas party of Mahfoud Nahnah was kidnapped and executed after "refusing to issue a fatwa endorsing the GIA's tactics."  Djafar was killed February 26, 1994. Abd al Qadir fought running battles across Algeria with French forces, which included units of the Foreign Legion, organized in 1831 for Algerian service. Следующие 3 страницы ссылаются на данный файл: Данный файл используется в следующих вики: Просмотреть глобальное использование этого файла.
List of universities in Algeria - Wikipedia:
A breakaway GIA group—the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC)--also undertook terrorist activity in the country. In return, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika agreed to buy $7.5 billion worth of combat planes, air-defense systems and other arms from Russia, according to the head of Russia's state arms exporter Rosoboronexport. Based on 2006 and 2007 estimates, 31 percent of the total population has access to financial services, with one bank branch or post office every 7,250 inhabitants. In retaliation France executed two Moroccans: Mohamed Beliano and Benkirane as spies, while their goods were seized by the military governor of Oran, General Boyer.  Napoleon III visualized three distinct Algerias: a French colony, an Arab country, and a military camp, each with a distinct form of local government.
By contrast, subsistence cereal production—supplemented by olive, fig, and date growing and stock raising—formed the basis of the traditional sector, but the land available for cropping was submarginal even for cereals under prevailing traditional cultivation practices.  However, since General Massu's revelations, Bigeard has admitted the use of torture, although he denies having personally used it, and has declared, "You are striking the heart of an 84-year-old man." Bigeard also recognized that Larbi Ben M'Hidi was assassinated and that his death was disguised as a suicide. This indicated that the Fourth Republic by 1958 no longer had any support from the French Army in Algeria and was at its mercy even in civilian political matters. 25 of these universities and almost all of the institutions of higher education were founded after the independence of the country.  An Abassa Institute study in April 2000 found that 60% of households could speak and understand French or 18 million in a population of 30 million then.